Kerala at a Glance

Location Southwestern tip of India
Area 38, 863 sq km.
Population 3,18,38,619
Capital Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum).
Language Malayalam;English is widely spoken
Religion Hinduism, Christianity, Islam
Time GMT +5:30
Currency Indian Rupee
Climate Tropical
Summer February - May (24 - 330C)
Monsoon June - September (22 - 280C)
Winter October - January (22 - 320C)
Names of Districts
Old Name New Name
Trivandrum Thiruvananthapuram
Quilon Kollam
Alleppey Alappuzha
Trichur Thrissur
Palghat Palakkad
Calicut Kozhikode
Cannanore Kannur
Major Cities Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi (Ernakulam district) and Kozhikode
Population 318.39 lakhs as per 2001 Census (31.839 Millions)
Density of Population 819 per sq kms
Kerala's Share in the National- Population 3.1 per cent
District Average 22.74 lakhs (2.274 millions)
Sex Ratio 1058 women for 1000 men
Literacy Rate 90.92 per cent.
Male Literacy Rate 94.20 per cent
Female Literacy Rate 87.86 per cent
Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI)

Kerala has had a commendable record in terms of the Physical Quality of Life Index. Indicators of PQLI like infant mortality (11%), female literacy (87.86%), and life expectancy at birth for males (68.23) and females (73.62), are well above all India levels. The major reason for this achievement is Kerala's focus on the service sector. About 37% of the total annual expenditure of the State is earmarked for health and education. Another reason for this is the existence of a larger network of hospital infrastructure under the Directorate of Health Services with 933 primary health centres and 5094 sub-centres.

Seaports Major : Kochi
Minor : Beypore (Kozhikode), Alappuzha, Kollam.
Major Beaches Kovalam, Varkala, Fort Kochi, Kappad and Bekal.
Major Wild Life Sanctuaries Thekkady (Periyar), Parambikkulam, Wayanad, Silent Valley, Aralm,
Peechi-Vazhani, Chimani, Shenduruny, Idukki, Chinnar, Peppara, Neyyar.
Bird Sanctuary Thattekad, Kumarakom.
Major Hill Stations Ponmudi, Peerumade, Thekkady, Munnar and Wayanad.
Farm / Cash Crops Rubber, Coffee, Tea, Spices, Pepper, Cashew, Coconut, Arecanut and rice.
Exports Marine, Coir, Handicrafts, Spices, Food and other Products.
Major Industries Tourism, Information Technology, Fertilizer, Oil Refining and Power Generation,
Ship Building, Machine Tools, Electronics, Cables, Rubber.